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Phase 2

Phase 2 – Autumn 1

Phase 2 begins in week two of Reception.
At the beginning of phase two, children learn sixteen single letter phonemes as outlined below:


Week 1: s a t p

Week 2: i n m d

Week 3: g o c k

Week 4: ck e u r

Week 5: h b f l


The three tricky words that the children are taught are: is / I / the

During these phonics lessons, children are taught how to pronounce the phoneme and form the grapheme, as well as practise how to recognise the phoneme at the beginning or the end of a word. At the end of these lessons, children practise the skill of oral blending, which ensures children can tune into phonemes in isolation and blend phonemes together to hear/say a word. For example, c-a-t makes ‘cat’ and d-u-ck makes ‘duck’.

After the first week of phase two, children start to be taught how to blend phonemes together to read a word. This is the next building block from oral blending that helps children to become more independent with reading CVC words. Oral blending and blend to read words are skills that are taught and learnt alongside each other. Teaching blending, starts with using large grapheme cards alongside an adult before moving children on to reading words more independently using word cards.

Towards the end of Phase 2 Autumn 1, children are exposed to three tricky words. Children learn to quickly recognise these words and become familiar with the part of the word that is ‘tricky’ e.g. ‘the’ – we can sound out /th/ sound and the ‘e’ grapheme is the ‘tricky’ part.

Phase 2 grapheme information sheet - Autumn 1

Phase 2 – Autumn 2

As we progress through phase 2, children are taught grapheme-phoneme correspondences that contain two letters called ‘digraphs’ as outlined below.


Week 1: ff ll ss j

Week 2: v w x y

Week 3: z zz qu ch

Week 4: sh th ng nk

Week 5: words ending with the ‘-s’ for plurals


Children become familiar with the concept that a digraph is a grapheme that includes two letters that make one sound, such as ‘ch’ and ‘sh’.


When children are taught digraphs, they learn mnemonics to make them memorable. These mnemonics are also accompanied with an image that children can refer to when trying to recall the digraphs. As children move towards the end of phase two, children are expected to be able to apply their knowledge of taught GPCs to help them read a phonically decodable sentence and write two or three words that includes sounds that they have already learnt.


Throughout Phase 2 Autumn 2, children widen their bank of tricky words and learn the following:


Week 1: put pull full as

Week 2: and has his her

Week 3: go no to into

Week 4: she push he of

Week 5: we me be

Phase 2 Grapheme Information Sheet - Autumn 2