By the time they reach Phase 3, children will already be able to blend and segment words containing the 19 letters taught in Phase 2.
At Phase 3, twenty-five new graphemes are introduced (one at a time).
jam, jet, Jill, Jack
yap, yet, yell, yum-yum
buzz, jazz, fuzz
quiz, quit, quick
At Phase 3, children also learn that consants they already know, can represent one sound together and this is called a ‘consonant digraph’.
Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng
They are also taught that two or more vowels can, together, represent one sound
Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
During Phase 3, children will also learn the letter names using an alphabet song, although they will continue to use the sounds when decoding words.
During Phase 3, the following tricky words (which can't yet be decoded) are introduced: