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Phase 3


By the time they reach Phase 3, children will already be able to blend and segment words containing the 19 letters taught in Phase 2.

At Phase 3, twenty-five new graphemes are introduced (one at a time).

Set 6 Letters and Words

Set includes four new letters. As each new letter is learnt, children will be able to sound out several new words, as follows:


jam, jet, Jill, Jack


Vet, Vic, Ravi, visit


Will, win, wag, web, wax


dad, and, sad, dim, dip, din, did, Sid


Set 7 Letters and Words

Set includes new graphemes and .  As each new grapheme is learnt, children will be able to sound out several new words, as follows:


yap, yet, yell, yum-yum


zip, zap, Zak, zigzag


buzz, jazz, fuzz


quiz,  quit, quick

At Phase 3, children also learn that consants they already know, can represent one sound together and this is called a ‘consonant digraph’.

Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng

They are also taught that two or more vowels can, together, represent one sound

Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er

During Phase 3, children will also learn the letter names using an alphabet song, although they will continue to use the sounds when decoding words.


Tricky words

During Phase 3, the following tricky words (which can't yet be decoded) are introduced:

  • he
  • she
  • we
  • me
  • be
  • was
  • you
  • they
  • all
  • are
  • my
  • he